May 31, 2023

During a routine medical examination, a physician typically examines the eyes using a light source or requests the patient to read an eye chart. People who require eyeglasses or have specific eye-related concerns schedule an appointment with an eye doctor. This also applies to your pet. 

While a veterinarian examines a pet’s eyes during regular checkups, a veterinary ophthalmologist can provide additional benefits for your pet’s eye health. Your pet can’t tell you if they can’t see well, so how do you know it’s time to visit an ophthalmologist? 

Signs Your Pet Needs Veterinary Ophthalmology

Some common signs that your pet may need veterinary ophthalmology include:

Squinting or Blinking

If you notice your pet squinting or blinking excessively, it may indicate an eye problem.

Cloudy Eyes

Cloudy eyes are a sign of cataracts, which can cause vision loss in pets.

Redness or Swelling

Redness or swelling around the eye area can be a sign of an infection or injury.


If you notice a discharge coming from your pet’s eyes, it may indicate an infection or other eye problem.

Changes in Behavior

If your pet rubs their eyes or avoids bright light, it may indicate an eye problem.

Once you spot any of these symptoms in your pet, don’t hesitate to take them to a vet facility like Animal Eyes Guys for treatment.

What to Expect from Veterinary Ophthalmology

If your pet needs eye care, your veterinarian may refer you to a veterinary ophthalmologist. A veterinary ophthalmologist has specialized training in diagnosing and treating eye diseases in animals. They have access to advanced diagnostic tools and treatment options, including cat or dog eye surgery.


A veterinary ophthalmologist will conduct a comprehensive eye exam to determine the underlying cause of your pet’s eye problem. They may use specialized tools and techniques, such as tonometry, ophthalmoscopy, and fluorescein staining.


The treatment for your pet’s eye problem will depend on the underlying cause. It may involve medication, surgery, or a combination of both. For example, if your pet has a corneal ulcer, it may need antibiotic eye drops and pain medication. If your pet has cataracts, they may need veterinary eye surgery to remove the affected lens.

Veterinary Eye Surgery

Veterinary eye surgery is a specialized field of veterinary medicine that deals with surgical procedures of the eye. Some common types of veterinary eye surgery include:

  • Cataract surgery
  • Corneal surgery
  • Eyelid surgery
  • Glaucoma surgery

Veterinary eye surgery requires specialized training and expertise. It is important to choose a veterinary ophthalmologist who has experience in performing these types of surgeries.


Veterinary ophthalmology is an important field of veterinary medicine specializing in diagnosing and treating eye diseases in animals. If you notice any eye problems in your pet, it is crucial to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. 

Your veterinarian may refer you to a veterinary ophthalmologist for further evaluation and treatment. By working with a veterinary ophthalmologist, you can help ensure that your pet receives the best possible care for its eye problem.