April 12, 2024

Suppose your pet undergoes an annual spay or neuter procedure or more severe orthopedic surgery. In that case, you’re likely to be anxious and will want to take all the steps recommended to ensure that the procedure runs as smoothly as possible for your pet. The amount of information you need to keep in mind is huge. Are there any specific steps he has to remember? Are there any additional tests required before the procedure? Your doctor will provide instructions, but the process could be daunting.

What is the significance of knowing the pre-surgery process before surgery?

In light of this, we’ve compiled an inventory of the most frequently asked questions our vets from animal hospital get from pet owners worried during the weeks before their pet’s surgery. It doesn’t matter if it’s a routine process such as a dental cleaning or something more complex such as a hip replacement. Getting your pet ready for surgery can be a stressful process. We’ve broken down the basics to help you plan for surgery as early as possible.

Weeks Before Surgery

There will be one or more appointments with your vet before the day of the procedure. In these visits, your vet will inquire about your concerns to get an accurate picture of your pet’s previous health issues or injuries, the current treatment, and any behavioral issues. Your vet will also examine your cat or dog to ensure they are fit enough to undergo the procedure.

If your dog is obese, your vet might suggest you begin an exercise program to lose weight before surgery. The extra weight increases the risk of general anesthesia, which makes it challenging for the pet to move around after surgery and could prolong the recovery time.

Days Prior Surgery

The doctor may request diagnostics and blood tests to check organ function and general health. Blood tests can reveal internal abnormalities that are too subtle to be detected by an examination. Blood tests can reduce the risk of anesthesia. Ultrasounds and radiographs can also be suggested. Wash or groom your pet before surgery to ensure they’re clean and ready. Grooming your cat or dog after surgery is impossible because the incision will need to remain dry.

Consider the transportation to and from the clinic. Big or large breed dogs might be difficult to transport back home following surgery. Make a plan based on the mobility of your pet after surgery. Discuss with your veterinarian how to bring your pet home after surgery. Create a calm, comfortable space for your pet’s return. If your pet requires an area to rest in a crate after surgery, make sure you have one available.

Night Prior Surgery

The vet will give you instructions regarding your pet’s surgery. You’ll most likely only be allowed to feed or drink your pet until midnight the night before the procedure. Ask your veterinarian about the medication your pet is taking after surgery. If your pet stays overnight at the vet’s office following surgery, be sure to bring any food or medications along with any other items that the team who cares for your pet requires to ensure the highest quality of care. In certain situations, your pet might need to stay overnight before surgery.

Day of Surgery

Do not feed or let your pet drink before the surgery. The pet may aspirate under anesthesia if they eat or drink. Your vet surgeon will arrange an appointment to drop off your pet. The day of surgery at your vet’s clinic will be crowded, so be on time and remain calm while you are dropping your animal off. The vet might perform additional tests before surgery to minimize the risk of anesthesia. Visit the receptionist, and provide them with your phone number to let them update you regarding your pet.

Post-Operative Care

Your vet will provide you with specific post-operative care instructions. If your pet suffered from an incision, it could require pain medication or an E-collar. The “cone of shame” minimizes the chance of the wound reopening. Your pet’s veterinarian may advise that you limit your pet’s activities.

It can be difficult for energetic breeds, but it’s essential for healing. Consider getting your pet a dog kennel or a tranquilizer. Your pet’s incision must stay clean and dry for two weeks following surgery. Follow the instructions of your veterinarian to help your dog’s recovery. If you observe any unusual or uncomfortable behavior, consult your veterinarian or go to the nearest emergency veterinary clinic.